Sleep Apnea & Hypertension
KNOW...About Sleep Apnea and Hypertension...
- Sleep Apnea is associated with significant risk of HTN even after controlling for known confounding parameters
- Sleep Apnea leads to HTN in a dose-response relationship
- 83% of Refractory Hypertension patients have significant Sleep Apnea
- JNC7 recognizes Sleep Apnea as an important cause of hypertension
- A large percentage of these patients remain undiagnosed
ASK...HTN patients a few simple questions on how they sleep...
- Do you snore?
- Do you wake to urinate? How many times?
- Do you feel tired after sleeping?
- Do you fall asleep during mundane activities? (reading, watching TV)
REALIZE...Positive outcomes when diagnosed Sleep Apnea is treated w/CPAP...
- Reduced daytime BP in Apnea patients
- Effectively reduced systolic BP in refractory HTN patients w/OSA
- Normalized nocturnal BP pattern in non-dipper OSA population
- Reduced the need for anti-hypertensive drugs in patients with refractory HTN